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The Prince of Wales and The Duchess
of Cornwall

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge

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The Middleton Coat of Arms

  • The Middleton Coat of Arms
  • The Middleton Coat of Arms was drafted before the Royal Wedding by the College of Arms
  • The Middleton Coat of Arms was drafted before the Royal Wedding by the College of Arms

The Duchess of Cambridge was given a new Coat of Arms in advance of her wedding to The Duke of Cambridge. Her Royal Highness's Coat of Arms derives from one which was granted to her father, Mr. Michael Middleton. The design of the Arms was agreed and approved by Mr. Thomas Woodcock (Garter King of Arms and Senior Herald in England), who is based at the College of Arms in London.

The Middleton Family worked closely with the College of Arms throughout the design process to create a Coat of Arms that was personal to them and visually identified them as a family.

The three acorns represent Mr. and Mrs. Middleton’s three children (The Duchess of Cambridge, Philippa Middleton and James Middleton). Acorns were chosen because the area in which the children were brought up West Berkshire, England is surrounded by oak trees. Additionally, oak is a long-established symbol of both ‘England’ and ‘Strength.’

The gold chevron, which sits at the centre of the design, represents Mrs. Middleton, whose maiden name is Goldsmith. The two thinner chevrons, which sit either side of the gold chevron, allude to hills and mountains and represent outdoor pursuits that the family enjoy together. The colours blue and red were chosen as they are the principal colours from the flag of the United Kingdom.

Prior to Her Royal Highness's marriage, her family Coat of Arms was presented in the form of a ‘lozenge’ and is shown suspended from a ribbon, which indicated that she was an unmarried daughter.

Her Royal Highness carried this Coat of Arms into her marriage, to be placed beside those of The Duke of Cambridge in what is known as an impaled Coat of Arms.

The Grant of Arms has been made to Mr. Michael Middleton and his descendants in accordance with the laws of Arms, so all of his three children, including The Duchess of Cambridge, are entitled to the Arms.  Mr. James Middleton (The Duchess’s brother) will pass the right on to his descendants.

Heraldic description

The technical heraldic description of the Middleton Coat of Arms, known as a ‘blazon’ is Per pale Azure and Gules a Chevron Or cotised Argent between three Acorns slipped and leaved Or.

Per Pale means that the Shield is divided vertically with one half blue (Azure) and the other half red (Gules). A Chevron Or means the gold chevron across the centre of the Shield. There are cotises either side of the chevron which are white (Argent). Slipped means ‘with a stalk,’ so the final part of the blazon and distinguishing feature of the Shield means three acorns with gold stalks and leaves.

Coats of Arms are granted under the Sovereign’s authority. Since the 15th Century, this has been delegated to three Kings of Arms in England.  They now have jurisdiction over England, Wales and Northern Ireland.  In Scotland, Coats of Arms are granted by Lord Lyon King of Arms.

Like all applicants, Mr. Middleton started the process by submitting his request to England’s Earl Marshal, The Duke of Norfolk, who issued a warrant to the Kings of Arms agreeing to the granting of new Arms. In this case it fell to Garter and Clarenceux Kings of Arms (two of the three Kings of Arms) to grant the Middleton Coat of Arms by Letters Patent, as the Middleton Family live south of the River Trent, the historic division between north and south in England.

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